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Stay Healthy – Know the Top 5 Causes of Incontinence

LA Female Bladder Leak Urinary ConditionBladder control problems can be particularly embarrassing, which typically causes people to remain silent about their suffering. Unfortunately, what most people don’t understand is that they don’t need to suffer in silence and that incontinence can be improved or cured in many cases.

The first step towards finding effective incontinence treatment is gaining an understanding of the causes behind the condition and consulting with a board-certified urologist such as the acclaimed physicians at Comprehensive Urology.

What is Urinary Incontinence?

Urinary incontinence or urine leakage occurs when the muscles of the bladder that control the flow of urine either contract or relax involuntarily. Incontinence causes problems for millions of men and women, affecting 1 out of 10 people over the age of 65. Due to differences in the urinary anatomical structures, women tend to suffer from bladder issues more often than men.

Bladder leakage is characterized by specific ranges and types. The ranges of bladder issues are:

  • Mild incontinence
  • Occasional bladder leakage
  • Chronic uncontrolled urination

Five Common Types of Urinary Incontinence

Stress Incontinence

This is the most common type of urinary incontinence and is caused by pressure or sudden muscle contractions on the bladder. Stress incontinence can happen when pressure on the bladder increases during common daily activities — such as when you exercise, laugh, sneeze, or cough. Incontinence of this type is often due to an inherent weakness of the pelvic floor muscles, which may occur as a result of stress during pregnancy or childbirth, or due to the beginning of menopause.

Urge Incontinence

Urge incontinence is sometimes called an overactive bladder and occurs when a person feels the urge to urinate but is unable to hold back the urine long enough to make it to the bathroom. This type can be experienced by people who have had a stroke or suffer a chronic disease like diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease or multiple sclerosis. In some cases, urge incontinence may be an early sign of bladder cancer.

Overflow Incontinence

Overflow incontinence is characterized by the inability to empty the bladder completely and the remaining urine in time increases and eventually overflows and leaks out of the full bladder as new urine is produced. Loss of bladder sensations (nerve damage such as in diabetics) and weakening of bladder muscles by chronic overfilling are the most common cause of overflow incontinence in women and can be found in people with diabetes and spinal cord injuries.

Functional Incontinence

This is one of the few types of incontinence that have less to do with a bladder disorder and is more a problem with navigating the logistics of getting to the bathroom in time. Functional incontinence is most commonly found in elderly or disabled people who may have normal bladder control but suffer from mobility limitations or confusion that interferes with their ability to empty their bladder in a typical fashion.

Gross Total Incontinence

Gross total incontinence refers to constant urine leakage from the bladder and may be the result of an anatomical defect, spinal cord injury, an abnormal opening in the bladder (fistula), or as a result of an unsuccessful urinary tract surgery.

These are common causes:

  • Overactive bladder muscles
  • Weakened pelvic floor muscles
  • Nerve damage
  • Interstitial cystitis or other bladder conditions

While urinary incontinence itself is not a disease, it can be a symptom of an underlying problem. Educating yourself about the risk factors can help reduce the possibility of developing incontinence and help promote lasting urinary health.

Five Risk Factors to Watch Out For

Being Female

Females are twice as likely as men to experience stress incontinence. This is due to childbearing but can also be experienced with the onset of menopause and the weakening of the pelvic floor muscles over time.

Advancing Age

Contrary to popular belief, urinary incontinence isn’t considered a normal part of aging. However, as we get older, our bladder and urinary sphincter muscles weaken, which may result in frequent urination or even unexpected urges to urinate that can contribute to the condition.

Excess Body Fat

Obesity and excess body fat can cause a whole range of health problems including stress incontinence as a result of increasing pressure on the bladder, which can lead to bladder leakage during typical activities like exercise, coughing or sneezing.


Cigarette smoking can cause chronic coughing, which in turn can create urine leakage. This is because a constant cough can damage the muscles of the pelvic floor, leading to a weak bladder. What’s more, smoking is a known bladder irritant, which could cause overactive bladder symptoms.

Other Chronic Diseases

Many conditions can increase the risk of urinary incontinence including vascular disease, kidney disease, diabetes, prostate cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, etc.

Learn more about potential causes of urinary leakage and incontinence treatment at

In a Nutshell: Incontinence Causes
What is Urinary Incontinence? Incontinence is characterized by a weak bladder and/or the inability to control urine leakage.
What are the Most Common Types of Urinary Incontinence? Stress, Urge, Overflow, Functional, and Gross Total Incontinence
What are the Most Common Incontinence Causes? Sex, Age, Obesity, Smoking, or other chronic diseases

Contact Our Urology Experts Today!

If you have concerns about incontinence treatment or are looking for more information on bladder control, schedule a consultation with one of our talented urologists in Beverly Hills today.

Next, read Surgical vs Non-Surgical: Which Incontinence Treatment is Right for You?

Surgical vs. Non-Surgical: Which Incontinence Treatment Is Right for You?

Beverly Hills Bladder Weakness Treatment SpecialistsUrinary incontinence may not be a physically debilitating condition but it can be emotionally devastating. At Comprehensive Urology, we understand the impact it can have on your life. We talk to patients every day about incontinence issues such as an overactive bladder or urinary leakage. One of the most common questions we get is, “Which urinary incontinence treatment is right for me?”

There are many factors that go into determining which type of urinary incontinence treatment is suitable for each patient. One major factor is the type of incontinence you have:

  • Stress Incontinence
  • Urge Incontinence (overactive bladder)
  • Overflow incontinence
  • Functional Incontinence
  • Mixed Incontinence (a combination of the above)

In general, though, the best way to get an answer that specifically addresses your unique situation is to consult with a board-certified urologist.

However, let’s take a look at the variety of urinary incontinence treatment options available so that you have a better understanding of what to expect before you have that consultation.

Non-Surgical Urinary Incontinence Treatment Options

Before deciding on and undergoing treatment, a diagnosis must be made to understand your medical history as well as the type and cause(s) of your incontinence.

Once the proper diagnosis is made, then the correct treatment – or combination thereof – will be discussed and determined.

Modification of Habits and Behaviors

One of the worst feelings of incontinence is the loss of control. It’s a helpless feeling that can be difficult to bear. By changing some of your habits and behaviors, you can reclaim control of an overactive bladder.

By adjusting how much fluid you ingest, you have control over the amount of urine that builds up in your bladder. Also, creating a schedule of when to go to the bathroom can help keep mild urges under control.

Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation

With the proper physical therapy, you can regain control over your bladder to help regulate your urges.

One of the primary goals of physical therapy is to help patients avoid incontinence surgery. To make this happen, physical therapy helps incontinence patients strengthen their pelvic floor muscles and sphincter so they can “hold it in” more easily.

Before undergoing such therapy, a biofeedback machine is often employed to measure the activity and strength of the pelvic floor muscles. This technique helps discern which areas physical therapy can address and monitor.

An office procedure to place a removable device called a vaginal pessary in the vagina is also an effective type of incontinence treatment. Made of silicone, rubber, or plastic, pessaries are inserted into the vagina or anus to support areas affected by pelvic organ prolapse by working out your muscles to hold the device in place. The devices can fortify your pelvic floor muscles.

Learn more about vaginal pessaries at

Incontinence Medications

Many times, urinary incontinence treatment involves medications prescribed alongside behavioral modifications.

Anticholinergic medications are effective at relaxing overactive bladder muscles, which can help you have better control. Other treatments, such as topical estrogen medications, help limit urine linkage by rejuvenating vaginal tissue.

Holistic Therapies for Incontinence

Holistic therapies offer a variety of benefits, including the fact that they treat your body as a whole instead of simply focusing on one issue, condition, or area. Some beneficial holistic therapies we suggest include the following:

Everyone loves massages, but in this case, a body massage can mitigate the physical stresses and help relax the muscles that controlling your urges.

The ancient practice of acupuncture also helps reduce incontinence symptoms by correcting imbalances in your body via stimulation of carefully selected acupuncture points.

Have you tried meditation? It can help make you stress-free and relaxed, increasing your ability to maintain control of your urge to urinate.

You can also help your cause by eating well and exercising, among other lifestyle tweaks, as well.

Incontinence Surgery

Incontinence surgery is often the last resort, but if nothing else works, it’s a viable option. The following surgical incontinence treatment options are effective.

A bladder neck suspension procedure reinforces the neck of your bladder so that it won’t sag and make your urges difficult to control. Recovery time is 2-6 weeks, during which time you may have to urinate using a catheter for a number of days.

Sling surgery for incontinence is also a popular choice. Using a synthetic material or your body’s own tissue, a sling is fashioned to help keep your urethra supported and closed when you cough, sneeze, or laugh. Slings come in various types – tension-free slings, adjustable slings, and conventional slings. These procedures are generally done on an outpatient basis but involve 2-6 weeks of recovery.

A very effective surgical incontinence treatment involves bulking agent injections into the urethral tissue with the intent of reducing leakage. The procedure is an outpatient one. The following materials are commonly used in bulking agents:

  • Collagen
  • Silicone implant
  • Carbon coated beads made of zirconium

Contact an Incontinence Specialist Today to Find Out Which Option is Right for You

If you’re dealing with incontinence issues, a variety of urinary incontinence treatment options can relieve your symptoms and give you your life back, not to mention control of your urges. To learn more about your non-surgical or surgical incontinence treatment options, contact the Los Angeles incontinence specialists at Comprehensive Urology for a consultation by visiting us online or calling 310.307.3552.

Next, read These 4 Factors Could Mean Urinary Incontinence is in Your Future

These 4 Factors Could Mean Urinary Incontinence is in Your Future

Los Angeles Urology Specialist Urinary IncontinenceRemember the last time you laughed so hard that you started coughing? If you’d prefer not to recall because you also unexpectedly leaked urine, then you may be dealing with incontinence. Surprisingly, many women simply dismiss such loss of bladder control as an unavoidable side effect of age.

Aging does contribute to female incontinence by weakening the bladder and urethra muscles, reducing the bladder’s ability to hold urine as well as its capacity to store urine. However, other factors could also be responsible.

At the Institute for Incontinence and Vaginal Reconstruction, a division of Comprehensive Urology, we are the Los Angeles incontinence specialists, and we specialize in diagnosing incontinence causes, advising patients of their risks, and helping patients learn effective prevention methods.

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Have You Undergone a Hysterectomy? Here’s How to Fight Incontinence

Urinary Incontinence Treatment in Los Angeles

At the Institute for Incontinence and Vaginal Reconstruction, we know that urinary incontinence can be embarrassing even though it usually isn’t symptomatic of a serious health condition. It can happen to both males and females regardless of age or health, but it affects women more often than it does men. While pregnancy, childbirth, and menopause are commonly responsible for the condition, a hysterectomy is one of the most common causes of incontinence in women in Los Angeles

As you grow older, the chances of incontinence rise due to weakened or stretched pelvic muscles, often resulting from medications, urological infections, or even surgery. Depending on the type and cause of urinary incontinence, a skilled urologist can determine the best incontinence treatments for each patient’s unique needs and goals.

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ThermiVa®: The Answer to Your Problems “Down There”

Beverly Hills Urinary Incontinence TreatmentOnly so many years ago, most women would rather stay silent about their normal genital issues to avoid a feeling of embarrassment. A woman might be hard pressed to discuss private bodily issues, such as urinary incontinence, uncomfortable vaginal dryness, or even loose and unattractive labia even with a close friend, let alone a doctor. But with the introduction of the vaginal rejuvenation device ThermiVa, millions of women are booking appointments to take advantage of the life-changing benefits. ThermiVa treatments have given women the confidence to address a wide range of urinary and gynecological symptoms simply because the device offers amazing results without any need for painful surgery, unpredictable medications, or downtime.

Urinary incontinence, loss of sensation, and vulvovaginal dryness may be common symptoms of aging and childbirth, but that doesn’t mean that women should just live with them. ThermiVa offers a simple solution to a myriad of feminine health issues. Unlike in previous years, women can get the help they need without having to undergo a vaginoplasty or labiaplasty. Get in touch with the Institute for Incontinence and Vaginal Reconstruction in Beverly Hills to begin your vaginal rejuvenation journey with ThermiVa today.

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The Truth about Vaginal Reconstruction

Los Angeles Feminine Rejuvenation TreatmentsTalking about changes to the physical appearance of your genitals is often seen as something of a taboo. It can be embarrassing and, often, you feel as if you’re the only one in the world who has such a problem. But you’re not – millions of women are in the same boat.

At the Institute for Incontinence, Vaginal Reconstruction & Women’s Health in Los Angeles, we understand your anxiety. We specialize in diagnosing and treating women who have cosmetic insecurities or medical concerns with their vaginas. Contact the Institute online or call today at 310.307.3552 to schedule an appointment.

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ThermiVa® vs. FemiLift®: What Treatment is Right for You?

Los Angeles Non-Surgical Vaginal TreatmentThe number of vaginal rejuvenation treatments has grown dramatically in the U.S. in just the past few years, particularly as more and more women are looking for solutions to the most common feminine health concerns. Fortunately, the treatments for such common issues as female incontinence, vaginal laxity, or pelvic prolapse have become so technologically advanced that women can enjoy dramatic improvements without the need for surgery.

Today, the most innovative treatments available to help women overcome uncomfortable, embarrassing, and even painful urological and gynecological issues are ThermiVa and FemiLift. Both of these feminine rejuvenation devices are non-surgical, non-invasive, and do not require anesthesia in order to help women reclaim their vaginal health and confidence. To learn the difference between ThermiVa and FemiLift, and determine which vaginal rejuvenation treatment is best suited to your needs, please continue reading and schedule a consultation at the Institute for Incontinence and Vaginal Reconstruction in Beverly Hills.

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The Best Solutions for Female Incontinence

Female Overactive Bladder Beverly HillsEven with the most advanced medical care and preparation, childbirth is still a relatively traumatic event for a woman’s body. From the nine months leading up to the birthday to the months or even years afterward, a woman can expect to undergo dramatic changes and even injuries as a result of caring a newborn to term. While many women are able to recover fairly well within several weeks after giving birth, many are not so fortunate and struggle with chronic back pain, female incontinence, and pain during sex for a year or even longer before finally receiving the incontinence treatment they need.

As common as female incontinence may be among women with children, the majority of those suffering do not get the treatment they need and deserve. Many women either feel too embarrassed to seek help for issues stemming from childbirth or face misdiagnosis or improper treatment from the health care system. In a 2011 report from the Institute of Medicine, women are often victims of “neglect, dismissal, and discrimination” when it comes to receiving expert medical care, particularly with regard to childbirth injuries and female incontinence.

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Overcoming Interstitial Cystitis and Easing Pelvic Discomfort

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At the Institute for Incontinence and Vaginal Reconstruction in Beverly Hills, our urology specialists are skilled at not only diagnosing and treating female urological issues, we take a holistic approach to ensuring total health and happiness, no matter what urologic condition a patient may have. We believe that women suffering from interstitial cystitis deserve the comprehensive care they need to live their lives fully, free of pelvic pain or discomfort.

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Incontinence Before and After Pregnancy: What You Need to Know

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