vaginal prolapseCountless women are affected by vaginal prolapse every year, but many do not understand the complexities of this condition. When vaginal prolapse occurs, a woman’s uterus, bladder, or rectum will drop lower in the pelvis. While this may not result in immediate symptoms, it may lead to future complications.

While the term “vaginal prolapse,” also known as pelvic organ prolapse, is a general term, there are actually three forms of the condition, each with its own causes and solutions. Understanding these forms can help every woman stay safe and look out for the safety of their loved ones.

What are the Types of Vaginal Prolapse?

Because the rectum, uterus, and bladder can all be affected by vaginal prolapse, specific terms have been created to specify each unique condition. Most often, any form of prolapse is caused by childbirth, increased age and menopausal status, obesity, chronic constipation, genetics, and previous pelvis surgery. However, each woman is affected differently, leading to these various outcomes. The most common symptom of any form of prolapse is simply feeling pressure or fullness vaginally.


Cystocele is prolapse that involves the “dropping” of the bladder, which is linked to the front wall of the vagina bulging. The toll of having the bladder dropped most commonly causes difficulty emptying the bladder, urinary frequency, increased risk of urinary tract infections, urinary urgency and sometimes urge incontinence.


A rectocele prolapse encompasses the rectum “dropping.” The rectal wall will push against the vaginal wall, which will often create a bulge that is most uncomfortable during bowel movements. Chronic constipation and straining are the most frequent symptoms of this condition; however, many women do not know that they are a result of a vaginal prolapse.


Procidentia centers on the “dropping” of the uterus, which results from a group of ligaments at the top of the vagina, known as the uterosacral ligaments, weakening. The uterus will drop down into the vagina, lowering further in later stages of the condition. Pressure caused by the prolapse will frequently lead to constipation and incontinence in a similar manner to both cystocele and rectocele.

Each of these forms of prolapse create their own health complications and require unique treatments in order to return to their previous state. Only with the help of a skilled urologist will you be able to determine the specifics of your condition and create a treatment plan that will have the greatest chances of success.

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Returning to Health with Skilled Urologists in Beverly Hills

If you have been diagnosed with vaginal prolapse, or are suffering from symptoms that may signal the condition, you deserve the most skilled treatment available today. Get in touch with the Los Angeles urologists at the Institute for Incontinence and Vaginal Reconstruction. Through cutting-edge help, you can return to a happy and healthy life in as little time as possible. Call 310.231.5234 or fill out the online contact form to schedule an appointment and learn more about what treatment is right for you.

Next, read our blog, What Non-Surgical Treatments Can End Your Incontinence?